It was that Sunday afternoon when my cousin Akash insisted me to watch Leonardo DiCaprio’s Documentary film “Before The Flood” which mainly focus on how global warming is raising every day and how we are contributing for this. Ban-Ki-Moon once said “Climate change is the single greatest threat to a sustainable future but at the same time, addressing the climate challenge presents a golden opportunity to promote prosperity, security and a brighter future for all.”
The Documentary starts with Leo referring the 15th – Century triptych “The garden of earthly delights “ by Hieronymus Bosch. He explains that this hung above his crib as an infant, and he uses as an analogy of the present course of the world towards potential ruin as depicted on its final panel. The film then opens up with Ban Ki Moon, The Secretary of General appointing last year’s Academy award winner as ‘UN Messenger of Peace’ on the occasion of the 2014 Climate Leaders’ Summit and he addresses one of the largest assemblies of the world leaders in history. Leonardo and Ban Ki Moon discuss climate change and the extreme weather patterns already being experienced all over the world.
Leonardo DiCaprio travels across the world to understand, how this is world is affected by this global warming because of several from starting from – South America, Africa, Asia and Europe. To extract out the coal, Oil and Natural gas, big companies have to get the huge machinery inside the mother earth which requires huge energy and result in poisoning of Rivers, air, burning of forests and creation of oil barrels, Mining facilities. The transportation vehicles we use like Train, Plain, boats, Cars – whatever we do produces CO2 that leads to climate change. In Indonesia, people burn hundreds of acres of forest to extract palm oil, so that they can sell it to FMCG business companies for their food products. All these actions results in more dangerous Weather pattern, Floods, Tsunamis, earthquakes are the result of it and it is happening right now.
AR5, one of the largest scientific report ever undertaken, analysed 9,300 research papers submitted by scientists from every country in the world and the conclusion was – climate change is happening right now and it is already displacing millions of creatures around the globe. Floods, super-storms, surged weather, wildfires, prolonged drought – all are because of these dramatic changes. We have left Holocene and are entering the Anthropocene, an epoch, in which humans are the primary drivers of change on Mother earth. Our planet is heating up fast and scientists have proven that this rapid change we see are not due to solar activity, volcano or other natural phenomena, but because of population. The climate change is because we humans are burning fossil fuels – coal, oil and natural gas along with deforestation and agriculture.
In UN’s 21st conference of the Paris for its body United Nations Framework Convention on the Climate Change (UNFCCC) In 2015, 197 nations to sign up The Paris Agreement. This was article within the framework of UNFCCC dealing with the greenhouse gases emission mitigation, adoption and finance starting in the year 2020. The main aim of The Paris Agreement was to achieve legally binding and universal agreement on climate, with the aim of keeping global warming below 20 C. Leonardo interviewed U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry on the leadership of China and the US committing to reducing their carbon reductions. When the two largest economies in the world stood up to make their commitments, many other countries quickly followed, building a momentum that has never existed before to solve this crisis.
This Fisher Stevens directed documentary premiered in Toronto International Film Festival in September 2016. Later aired in National Geographic Channel on October 30, 2016 and soon after, this was made widely available for free (in India, we can watch this in Hotstar.com). The film also scored 70% approved rating in Rotten Tomatoes based on 27 reviews. When we come to awards, this film has also won Best Documentary Film award in Evening Standard British Film Awards and Hollywood Film Awards. The Guardian has reviewed this documentary as a “heartfelt, decent, educational documentary about the most important issue of our time”
Hollywood filmmakers love to make disaster movies and usually, they center around one cataclysmic event – an earthquake, an asteroid or a tsunami. According to the latest science it seems to be the movie script we are now writing. We still have time to prevent the worst impacts of climate change, but if we aren’t able to pressure our governments to start taking bold action, we could see 4°C of global temperature rise in the future. By 2050s, this could unleash a series of catastrophic impacts on our planet, threatening life as we know it. We all are responsible for what is happening around us and we have to work towards reducing this global warming. We have to grow more trees, recycle water, use less electricity, encourage use of solar energy and use public transport like bus/ train instead of travelling in car or bikes in every way possible. When every one of us come together to take action and fight against this global warming, then we will be able to save our mother earth from burning.